Life Below Stairs Answered Many Of My Questions About Downton Abbey

I haven’t seen very many episodes of Downton Abbey, but the episodes that I did watch left me curious about life during the Edwardian era. When a topic peaks my curiosity, I obsessively search for information and learn as much as I can. I spent many an hour Googling questions such as, “How accurate is Downton Abbey” and “What was life really like for Edwardian servants.” When I found the little book Life Below Stairs: True Lives of Edwardian Servants at our libraryI eagerly checked it out.

This book truly is little. Online reviews critique it for not being very thorough, not going into enough detail, and lacking photos. While I can’t really argue with these criticisms, I found this a quick and interesting read. I knew absolutely nothing about life during the Victorian, Edwardian, and post-Edwardian eras and enjoyed reading an overview of the basics. It’s continued to pique my curiosity on the subject, though. I just requested Margaret Powell’s memoir Below Stairs detailing her experiences as a kitchen maid and cook.

Here are some of the most interesting things I learned from reading Life Below Stairs:

Young women who wanted to enter maid service spent years saving for their first uniforms. A “print dress, a black dress and several white aprons” could cost two years’ wage (p. 61). Sometimes families bought their staff fabric each year for a new uniform, but the servant had to either sew an outfit on their own time or pay someone else from their meager wages (p. 67).

Servants in the Victorian period typically worked 16-hour days, yet received one afternoon off a week to attend church. By the 1900’s, households also gave their servants an afternoon and evening off each month. However, this free time coincided with completing their duties after lunch and having to return by dinner or a nine p.m. curfew. Some people saved up for years to return home for a day. In the early 20th century, it was normal to receive a week-long paid holiday, and two weeks after WWI. Because this rare time-off was so precious, taking it away from employees was a common punishment (p. 85).

Lady’s Maids were like fashion consultants and skilled hair dressers. They prided themselves in their signature recipes for hair washes, pomades, boot polish, and face cream. Valets offered their signature boot polishes (p. 30).

The Butler got the least amount of sleep. He held the highest position on the Edwardian servant tree, ranking above the female housekeeper. Sure, he got paid a higher salary than the other staff and a more generous beer allowance. He got to sample the family’s food and received occasional tips (p. 31), but had the worst schedule. The book outlines the schedule of a real man who served as a butler in 1893: His day started before 7: a.m. and he literally had to make himself available until his master decided to go to bed. Dinner started at seven p.m. followed by evening tea at 9:30 p.m. He locked up the house and put out the fire at 1 a.m.

Laundry was a seven-day process, beginning with soaking the clothes on Monday, scrubbing them on Tuesday, hanging them on Wednesday, starching and ironing on Thursday and Friday, and folding on Saturday (p. 100-101).

Dinner parties consisted of up to ten courses and occurred once-twice per week (p. 112). The really wealthy households offered guests three choices for some of the courses and wine pairings.

Land Stewards lived in their own houses on the property and often had families (p. 26). For many female servants, though, marriage was the only social acceptable exit.

More affluent households employed two different types of cooks: A Professed Cook who prepared fine dining meals and Plain Cooks who prepared day-to-day meals and those for staff (p. 36).

Fancy dinner parties were a big ordeal. Often times, the staff was instructed to prepare so much food that leftovers still got thrown away, even when given to the staff (p. 112). It was the role of the footman to greet guests at dinner parties. He would announce each guest’s arrival to the host and hostess who waited in a separate drawing room (p. 117).

In the early 1900’s, a woman named Rosa Lewis rose from a servant to a successful caterer and hotel owner with the help of her cooking skills (p. 127). The book lists a recipe for her Quail and Beef Pudding. All you need is 12 quail breasts, “game sauce” and some beef suet pastry.

I’ve recently set a goal to read more and spend less time online. So far, I’ve accomplished the “read more” part. It seems like many of you share my enthusiasm for food-related literature. I love talking books. This might make me seem like a dinosaur, but I still haven’t taken the e-reader plunge. I like holding paper books and flipping through them, even though they’re a pain to move. It’s not that I don’t want to purchase books, but the truth is that I read so quickly that we don’t have the budget or the space to purchase everything I read.

Do you have any recommendations for books that might thrill a Downton Abbey enthusiast? How do you feel about e-readers? 


  1. Katie

    I love my kindle. I love that I can pack it and the pages aren’t going to get bent, and there’s a light attached so I can read whenever. This book sounds amazing!!

    • Jeni

      It might be time to get one!

  2. Beth Ann Chiles

    I have seen this book before (at the Biltmore, I think) but have not read it so this spurs me on to pick up a copy. I am a library lover as well so that may be on the agenda this week to stop in and while away some time at the library. I love my Kindle for traveling and for reading in bed at night so I don’t disturb Mr. Diamond with a light on but there is nothing like a physical book to make me happy as well. Great review. You got me interested.

    • Jeni

      I’m getting closer to getting an ereader. I love that it’s a space saver and I could read at night too.

  3. Kelli

    I haven’t watched an episode of Downton Abbey, but if it’s anything like the snippets of this book, I should try to catch up.

    When you were in North Iowa, did you ever visit the Laura Ingall’s house in Burr Oak? That was my favorite place as a child.

    • Jeni

      With movies and tv shows, I have a short attention span. I like the show, but really have to concentrate to watch each episode. Have to be in the right mood. I didn’t see her house. I’m sad I missed it. Grew up reading those books!

  4. Mary

    I tried the kindle. And ended up selling it. I LOVE books and their pages and everything about them. I thought I would read the kindle at night, but I try to limit my screen exposure right before bed. I got frustrated with the kindle too because i couldn’t read it outside in the sun (I’m sure they have a solution for that now..) but real live books all the way for me. And books make me excited, so anytime you want to talk books…let me know…online book club???

    • Jeni

      You all are selling me on the e-reader. Might add it to my Christmas list. Online book club sounds fun!

  5. Pamela

    I LOVE Downton Abbey…. and am also a book fanatic. I do not own an e-reader; I just love holding/smelling/feeling a book!
    I recommend this book: Lady Almina and the Real Downton Abbey: The Lost Legacy of Highclere Castle by The Countess of Carnivon.
    It’s very interesting… not the story of the life below stairs, but the true story of the upstairs!

    • Jeni

      Thank you so much for your book recommendation. That sounds exactly like what I’m looking for.

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